A life coach is a professional who counsels people and encourages clients with matters related to careers or personal challenges. In Quebec, a life coach can have a certification as a Certified Coach Practitioner from the Certified Coaches Federation. Certification can range from a weekend workshop to a few months of education. It does not require graduate or post graduate level training or education. Universities such as Concordia University John Molson School of Business in Montreal offers certification in coaching that is approved by the International Coaching Federation . Life coaches typically have backgrounds in personal and professional coaching, reflection and inquiry into client problems, helping clients identify passion, strengths, and resources, enabling creativity and motivation, dreaming and visioning, goal setting and action planning, influencing behaviour, etc. Coaches typically work with individuals but can work with groups as well.